“amongst women” o’brien beckett and the magdalen reamhsceal
It is hard to escape the portrayal of what 20th century life might have been like for a penitent living in one of Ireland’s Magdalen Laundries. With its saturation in contemporary pop-culture, the morality of these Irish Institutions has been called into question through blockbuster films and best selling books. However, some believe that the many public representations of the Magdalen Laundries fail to tell the whole story. As tension surrounding Magdalen Laundries, as well as Church and State involvement in them, has continuously grown over the last couple of decades, many citizens of Ireland and of the world have began demanding to know the realities behind the phenomenon. In order to help elucidate the details of the controversy, and to begin moving forward in the pursuit of truth, this book carefully reviews and explicates some of both the history and the literature surrounding Ireland’s Magdalen Laundries. Specifically investigated within this document are the writings of three individuals, namely Kate O’Brien, Samuel Beckett, and Patricia Burke Brogan.
Esther Doyle is a young Irish girl growing up in a small fishing community in Connemara in the 1950s. Her life is a stable one, bound by the slow rhythms of farming life and the joy of looking after her handicapped sister Nonie. But her existence is horribly changed when she becomes pregnant and is sent to the home for fallen women in Dublin, the Magdalen Laundry...
Dublin, 1962. Within the gated grounds of the convent of The Sisters of the Holy Redemption lies one of the city's Magdalen Laundries. Once places of refuge, the laundries have evolved into grim workhouses. Some inmates are "fallen" women--unwed mothers, prostitutes, or petty criminals. Most are ordinary girls whose only sin lies in being too pretty, too independent, or tempting the wrong man. Among them is sixteen-year-old Teagan Tiernan, sent by her family when her beauty provokes a lustful revelation from a young priest.Teagan soon befriends Nora Craven, a new arrival who thought nothing could be worse than living in a squalid tenement flat. Stripped of their freedom and dignity, the girls are given new names and denied contact with the outside world. The Mother Superior, Sister Anne, who has secrets of her own, inflicts cruel, dehumanizing punishments--but always in the name of love. Finally, Nora and Teagan find an ally in the reclusive Lea, who helps them endure--and plot an escape. But as they will discover, the outside world has dangers too, especially for young women with soiled reputations.Told with candor, compassion, and vivid historical detail, The Magdalen Girls is a masterfully written novel of life within the era's notorious institutions--and an inspiring story of friendship, hope, and unyielding courage.
William Wilkie Collins was an English novelist, playwright, and short story writer. The adoptive daughter of a wealthy aristocrat is waiting for a profi table marriage. What hides her past? She lived in a shelter, dragged on a miserable existence and in a moment of desperation she appropriated other people's documents, another's life story. But the specter of the past breaks into a real life - a deceived miser requires an answer. Will the Princes have enough courage to turn into Cinderella, sacrifice love and wealth?
This book examines Samuel Beckett's masterpieces, Waiting for Godot and Endgame, in the light of metatheatre's concept. The main concern of this work concentrates on the fourfold elements of plot, characterization, language and time that break with the conventional principles of theatre in order to promote a new view of dramatic form which Lionel Able coins as metatheatre. Beckett subverts the logical movement of plot and turns it into a circular one in which endings and beginnings are the same. Characterization no longer reveals the inner life of the character because Beckett has created such self-conscious metatheatre in which characters are aware of their own theatricality. Moreover,Beckett challenges the common function of language as a means of communication in order to get beyond the limitations of language. The concept of time in Beckett shows his radical departure from the familiar techniques of theatre. In Waiting for Godot and Endgame, Beckett tries to stop the time by making the passage of time too slow to be felt at all.
The letters written by Samuel Beckett between 1929 and 1940 provide a vivid and personal view of Western Europe in the 1930s, and mark the gradual emergence of Beckett's unique voice and sensibility. The Cambridge University Press edition of The Letters of Samuel Beckett offers for the first time a comprehensive range of letters of one of the greatest literary figures of the twentieth century. Selected for their bearing on his work from over 15,000 extant letters, the letters published in this four-volume edition encompass sixty years of Beckett's writing life (1929-1989), and include letters to friends, painters and musicians, as well as to students, publishers, translators, and colleagues in the world of literature and theater. For anyone interested in twentieth-century literature and theater this edition is essential reading, offering not only a record of Beckett's achievements but a powerful literary experience in itself.
Men, Women and Property in England, 1780-1870: A Social and Economic History of Family Strategies amongst the Leeds Middle Class
This is an innovative study of middle class behaviour and property relations in Georgian and Victorian England. Through the lens of wills, family papers, property deeds, account books and letters, the author offers a new reading of the ways in which middle class families survived and surmounted the economic difficulties of early industrial society. He argues that these families were essentially 'networked' families created and affirmed by 'gift' networks of material goods, finance, services and support with property very much at the centre of middle class family strategies.
For Alan Schneider, directing Endgame, Samuel Beckett lays out the play's philosophy, then adds: "Don't mention any of this to your actors!" He claimed he couldn't talk about his work, but Beckett proves remarkably forthcoming in these pages, which document the thirty-year working relationship between the playwright and his principal producer in the United States. The correspondence between Beckett and Schneider offers an unparalleled picture of the art and craft of theater in the hands of two masters. It is also an endlessly enlightening look into the playwright's ideas and methods, his remarks a virtual crib sheet for his brilliant, eccentric plays. Alan Schneider premiered five of Beckett's plays in the United States, including Waiting for Godot, Krapp's Last Tape,and Endgame, and directed a number of revivals. Preparing for each new production, the two wrote extensive letters-about intended tone, conception of characters, irony and verbal echoes, staging details for scenes, delivery of individual lines. From such details a remarkable sense of the playwright's vision emerges, as well as a feel for the director's task. Of Godot, Beckett wrote to Schneider, "I feel my monster is in safe keeping." His confidence in the director, and Schneider's persistent probing for a surer understanding of each play, have produced a marvelous resource: a detailed map of Beckett's work in conception and in production. The correspondence starts in December 1955, shortly after their first meeting, and continues to Schneider's accidental death in March 1984 (when crossing a street to mail a letter to Beckett). The 500 letters capture the world of theater as well as the personalities of their authors. Maurice Harmon's thorough notes provide a helpful guide to people and events mentioned throughout.
Conversations with Samuel Beckett and Bram Van Velde
The World of Samuel Beckett
In recent decades, the importance of 'Cultural Identities' and their subsequent effect on wider society has become a key area of research in many disciplines. Authors such as Erik Cohen, Jeremy Boissevain and Stuart Hall have lead discussions on how such 'Collective Identities' react to the internal and external forces with shape and influence them. Stuart Hall has argued that Tourism can have a significant impact upon the social identities of groups exposed to mass tourism. This can lead to the reassessment of values and interests, and indeed to a new awareness, resulting in feelings of self- consciousness amongst exposed groups. This is an in-depth study into the key tensions between the collective social identities in the case study of Lanzarote, placing particular focus on where such tensions are occurring. It is argued here that such studies are important in this field as they give valuable insight on how to protect the social identities of groups exposed to mass tourism, and to minimise the tensions that are often triggered by such changes.
The World of Samuel Beckett
This book is defining the Spices, Spices history and attempt to identify the high and low activity areas of Spices Research amongst the 36 Asian countries. This analysis is spread over a period of three decades 1968-2002 using HORT- CD (Horticultural Science Database). The major focus of this book is to priorities the research interests, subject trends, gaps and similarity of research efforts amongst the Asian scholars working in this field. Using Correspondence Analysis, the relationship between countries versus Spices Research and the dynamics of changes in research priorities, if any, during the study period are being highlighted. The Result and implications of this analysis are presented and discussed directing towards the benefit of the Spices Board authorities, Research Institutes and Industries to redefine their research policies, programmes and priorities.
Infertility is an important reproductive issue prevailing in the society because the production of offspring is necessary for the continuation of society. In Pakistan, fertility is related to women and is considered an important part of life. It is assumed that soon after the marriage a couple will prove itself to be fruitful. The present study was conducted to deal with the various aspects of individual’s life which are affected by infertility. It highlighted the causes of infertility in males and females and what are the psychological and social problems of infertile among the couple. Infertility is not a problem of a single person rather it affects both partners and how infertility affects the relationship of husband and wife was also studied. The basic aim of the study was to explore the stigmatization of infertility among the infertile couples in Islamabad. Infertility threatened the individual to be labeled as incomplete, useless, barren and abnormal person, which caused lack of confidence, respect and loss of status in the society. The social support by the family, friends and partners has however, played a vital role in dealing with stigmatization.
Job satisfaction largely determines the productivity and efficiency of human resource for health. It literally depicts the extent to which professionals like or dislike their jobs. Job satisfaction is said to be linked with the employee’s work environment, job responsibilities and powers and time pressure; the determinants which affect employee’s organizational commitment and consequently the quality of services. The objective of the study was to determine the level of and factors influencing job satisfaction among public health professionals in the public sector. This was a cross sectional study conducted in Islamabad, Pakistan. Sample size was universal including 73 public health professionals, with postgraduate qualifications and working in government departments of Islamabad. A validated structured questionnaire was used to collect data from April to October 2011. Overall satisfaction rate was 41% only, while 45% were somewhat satisfied and 14% of professionals highly dissatisfied with their jobs. For those who were not satisfied, working environment, job description and time pressure were the major causes.
The Santhal are generally engaged in agriculture, household activities and livestock rearing. Ninety dairy farmers from the Santhal community who possessed at least two milch animals were selected from the three purposively selected blocks i.e Jamalpur, Raina – I and Kalna – II of Burdwan district as respondents. With regard to existing dairy farming practices, traditional and recommended practices co-existed almost equally. Majority of the farmers adhered to the existing folk beliefs in that community. These folk beliefs seemed to be deep rooted in their culture. Majority (71.11 %) of the Santhal had medium level of knowledge about improved dairy farming practices respectively followed by high (15.56%) and low (13.33%). Like knowledge, majority (72.22 %) of the Santhal had medium level of adoption followed by high (16.67%) and low (11.11%) level of adoption as far as improved dairy farming practices are concerned. Variables like education, time spent on dairying, social participation, land holding, herd size, mass media exposure, knowledge regarding improved dairy farming practices had positive and significant influence on adoption of improved dairy farming practices.