a requirement model of local news application for rural communities
Mobile news service for can be obtained easily way and flexibility to access the rural news criteria at any time in any location that this service can provide. This research introduces a prototype “local news WAP/WEB application” that provides the people in the rural communities with the appropriate news services that could help those people to view the various news via this prototype. By using this prototype, the user of this service from the rural communities can easily get necessary information that makes those users in touch with the different news updating in these areas. The proposed prototype provide the user to post the occur news that related for these areas.
One of the scathing legacies of apartheid in South Africa is the structural nature of rural poverty with high rates of rural unemployment and inequality as its central feature. These developmental challenges are more pronounced among the previously disadvantaged communities especially in provinces that host the former homelands, namely, the Eastern Cape and Limpopo province. Faced by this rural development impasse, the post-apartheid state has implemented various strategies geared towards creating more job opportunities and diversifying sources of rural incomes. In this regard, the promotion of Local Economic Development initiatives (LED) has received significant national interest which stretches from government, business and non-governmental organisations as having the potential to resuscitate rural economies and create job opportunities. Utilising methodological pluralism as the research design, the researcher critically investigated the effectiveness of LED as a conduit for rural development. Thus, this study can benefit lecturers and students of Development Studies and development practitioners.
While rural people in a developing country like Thailand is often perceived as media dupes, the notion of ‘active audiences’ within the sphere of cultural studies coupled with an ethnographic methodology allow us to gain insight of how media messages are reproduced and interpreted by the audience. This book analyses the articulations of local and global cultures in rural Thai society through audiences’ reproduction and interpretation of news meanings. It demonstrates the audiences’ reading of television news is an interdiscursive practice where a number of discourses are brought to bear on the text, both from and within a ‘local’ and a ‘global’ context. Television news does not simply represent another encroachment of ‘globalisation’, nor destroy all together any notion of a local ‘organic identity’. Interestingly, in particular contexts audiences’ interpretation of news tend to reveal a form of cultural hybridisation where local and global cultural identities are combined to make sense of news events.
The book reports on a study, aimed at contributing towards understanding of factors that influence African users' support for alternative object metaphors as user interface icons. One of the great impediments for efficient utilization of information systems is the existing gap between system designs that typically follow Western cues for crafting user interfaces and actual users who use those systems within their diverse cultural frames. An exploratory study was conducted to empirically establish African rural users’ support for alternative village object metaphors, examine effects of culture on user support and investigate response characteristic among culturally diverse user groups. The Technology Support Model was developed to measure user knowledge, comprehension, skills, performance and support for alternative African village metaphors as interface icons. Results show that human cognitive factors of information technology knowledge, information technology comprehension and user performance influence African users support for alternative village object metaphors as interface icons.
The book is about the Rural Development through self help basis. Philosophy is the development without dependence. New model which is based on integrated development is introduced in this book. The book is based on the review of work of three NGOs two national and one international working in Pakistan for development of rural communities. Qualitative and Quantitative research methodologies are used. Conclusion is this development can not be possible without participation of local communities in the overall process. The book is for the development workers.
Local Development in Malawi has been decentralised and rural communities are provided with funds to manage their own development initiatives. Since 1995, MASAF has taken the lead in Malawi in providing resources to communities to implement local development activities using Community Driven Development (CDD) approaches. In implementing these activities, procurement of goods, labour and other services plays a critical role and accounts for over seventy percent of the project budget. The study was aimed at finding out how effective community procurement is, in the context of MASAF community managed projects. Through the study, community procurement has been studied to assess its effectiveness with a view to drawing out lessons for future Community Procurement frameworks. The study has revealed that local communities need to be more involved in processes of the design and budgeting for the required services. Communities have demonstrated capacity to implement local development projects of acceptable quality. There is, however, need for improvement of the procurement processes to enhance economy, efficiency, fairness and transparency.
This book, RURAL WATER SUPPLY discusses, essentially, the basic fundamentals of Hydrology and Water Resources. It proffers solutions to the issue of non-availability of safe water for human consumption. It’s also emphasized on the importance of spatial distribution of social services such as potable water supply thereby creating an essential platform for rational planning of water scheme most especially in the less developed cities. The book, also, employs much illustration from the local environment as well as the developed nations of the world. In addition, discussions are followed by Plates, Figures and Tables. These efforts are aimed at simplifying the central tenet of the subject, and this is necessary in order to establish a solid foundation for the learners who are, in most cases, very skeptical about water resource management. This book, therefore, serves as a bold step taken towards allaying all categories of fears about Hydrology and Water Resources. More so, tertiary students will benefit immensely from this book as well as anybody else who is interested in water resources management.
Local government is the third tier of government almost in every nation. It is the government that imparts more on the community by providing needed developmental infrastructure. The federal government allocates funds monthly, through a bureaucratic bottleneck, to the local governments to enhance the living standards of the communities. This book advocates for citizens awareness of Local Governments’ financial involvements as a precursor for transparency and utilization of such funds. Citizens’ financial information awareness makes the local government administrators jittery thereby leading to adequate use of the funds allocated to them from the federation account or those generated internally. This researched work is a good source of information for Local Government Administrators, Councilors, Chairmen, Youth Leaders, Women Leaders, and all those who are involved in leadership activities. It is a handbook for students of Public Administration, Business Administration, Information Resources Management, Community Development, etc. It is an inevitable resource for Non-governmental Organizations who advocate development of rural areas and enhancement of rural dwellers.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)suggested that, as the world population grows, food and water shortages will become even more serious issues (IPCC's 2014 predictions about the future effects of climate change (CC). Year-round growing (YRG) may provide a way for communities to extend growing seasons, expand local farm systems, and provide food year-round. This case study included a detailed analysis of responses from representatives of all sectors of rural Mesa County, Colorado, regarding YRG and a local food and farm plan due to CC. The case was bounded by time (6 months of data collection) which provided an in-depth picture of responses from the community. The theoretical framework for the study was Kingdon's multiple streams theory; a local, conceptual framework was provided by Liu, Lindquist, Vedlitz, and Vincent, who identified the key factors for local agenda-setting, defined in the policy literature as an important step in policy making.Research questions explored YRG as a way to mitigate CC and as a potential platform to create policy towards a local food and farm plan.
Human-elephant conflict is a contemporary challenge for elephant managers and the main threat facings elephants. The Masai Mara dispersal areas, a conflict hot spot, due to the resident elephant population, which live among the local pastoral Masai inhabitants who have started crop farming due to high agricultural potential. Conflict threatens local livelihood through crop damage and human deaths and injuries while elephants face illegal revenge killings. Consequently, local people have developed a negative attitude towards elephants, while elephant range is shrinking. The book highlightes the types and patterns of conflict, and the challenges of different mitigation methods. It documents the farm-based measurement of conflict; seasonal and spatial factors underlying conflict; and measures the success of the traditional mitigation methods. The findings are vital to development of management plan for the ecosystem. Appropriate mitigation measure will save the huge budget allocation by the government on mitigation measures. The book content, hence it is good for researchers, policy makers, elephant practitioners and managers.
Forests of the world sequester and conserve more carbon than all other terrestrial ecosystems and account for 90% of the annual carbon flux between the atmosphere and the Earth's land surface. Two case studies from India and Bolivia have been studied to demonstrate the complexities of carbon forestry projects to generate carbon credits and for their role in the development of local communities and environment. This book seeks to understand what benefits are made available to local communities through existing carbon sequestration schemes under carbon markets and what incentives there are for executors to involve local people as beneficiaries or partners. It also discusses the potential harmful effects which such integration between rural poor and carbon market could cause. The book should be useful to practitioners and policy makers working on the role of new economic incentives to reduce Green House Gas emissions from conservation and management of forests to local forest communities.
this book deals with climate vulnerability assessment through comparative analysis of villages near district headquarter and villages away from district headquarter due to climate variability based on sustainable livelihood framework and livelihood vulnerability index (IPCC,2007). the realistic approach and environment specific parameter are used to recognize social and natural factors of livelihood to assess vulnerability of rural communities of Garhwal, Lower Himalaya.
The book proposes a reconfigurable integrated control design method for a driver assistance system. In the operation of the system a predefined trajectory required by the driver is followed. During maneuvers the control system generates differential brake moment and auxiliary front wheel steering angle and modifies the camber angles of the wheels in order to improve the tracking of the road trajectory. The performance specifications are guaranteed by the local controllers, while the coordination of these components is provided by the reconfigurable integrated vehicle control strategy. The interaction between local systems is guaranteed by a reconfiguration strategy. In local control design the parameter-dependent Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) method, which meets the performance specifications, is used. The reconfiguration strategy is based on the monitoring signals, which are taken into consideration in the formulation of the local controller performance specifications. The proposed novel integrated vehicle control structure also incorporates a driver model, by which the dynamics of human driver is considered in the control design.
The work is devoted to new social organizations formed in rural areas of the European Union member states: local action groups. They are social structures which implement a new model of rural development, assuming multifunctional and sustainable development of the country. They were first established in Poland after 2004, i.e. after the accession to the European Union, along with the Pilot Programme LEADER+. Local action groups represent a new form of social capital: they are organizations which make it possible for rural residents to cooperate on the basis of shared norms and values and mutual trust. The work presents the findings of a sociological research project conducted in one voivodeship in Poland, focused on the social capital of local action groups. It shows the relation between the level of this capital and local development. Its weak link, i.e. the characteristics of those organizations which make it difficult to act effectively for multifunctional and sustainable rural development, is indicated in the work.
This book seeks to explore and examine the application and use of indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) in the management of drought through a case study of Msinga village communities in the northern parts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, paying specific attention to droughts that have been recorded and that prevail in the area. Government’s policy aimed at mitigating and the effect of drought on communities and its effectiveness is examined as well. The question is whether government policy measures supplement rural communities’ drought management strategies. The findings demonstrated that droughts are endemic in the study area and that drought-management strategies are as intrinsic to local livelihood systems as are seasonal-adjustment strategies. The findings also indicated that communities in Msinga have knowledge of drought management. However, this knowledge contributes very little to the management of drought. The findings also demonstrated that there is poor capacity in government to deal with disasters and this has serious repercussions for poor rural communities in Msinga..
Bank finance for rural industrialisation has been assigned top priority to bring a transition in the development of rural areas through the promotion of the small scale industrial units in rural areas. It has been pursued to increase the entrepreneurial abilities of rural people and to facilitate the utilization of local resources and skills. The rapid strides in rural Industrialisation necessitate the deployment of bank credit for developing small scale industrial units in rural areas. The requirement of fixed and working capital of small scale units are met according to the priority of commercial banks. The increasing bank credit accelerates the pace of rural industrialisation. However, small scale entrepreneurs face the problem of inadequate credit and, thereby, rely on non-institutional sources. So, the transaction cost is higher. The financial issues affect the quickening of the process of rural industrialisation. In this study, an attempt is made to examine the bank finance for industrialisation in Kadapa district.