blog journalism as an online public sphere
The public sphere is one of the most enduring sociological concepts and recently there has been interest in the potential of blog journalism to serve as an online public sphere. This thematic and discourse analysis focuses on 15 blog posts from the Indian blogosphere around the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks. The posts were critically analysed along three characteristics considered crucial for a public sphere to exist: rational-critical, deliberative and inclusive. The conclusion this study established was, that despite shortcomings, blogging around the Mumbai terrorist attacks could be placed within the scope of the public sphere and this holds great potential for virtual discourse in a socially stratified country.
Drawing on many examples from contemporary media culture, Alan McKee looks at how we communicate with each other in public--and how we decide whether changing forms of communication are beneficial for the "public sphere". McKee's introduction to the concept of the public sphere, or free debate space, includes background history as well as philosophical arguments concerning its function.
The utilisation of ICTs in Egypt has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are socio-political and cultural in origin. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest, and reinforcing citizen power and democracy. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media (especially independent and opposition) started to access online information to develop their media content and to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content to attract audiences, they also provided them with a ‘space’ to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. This called for the introduction of a new type of journalism requiring a conscious sense of how to reach out to citizens and listen to them, and to have citizens listen and talk to each other.
This monograph explores the relationship between newsroom journalists and the practice of public relations. It traces the historical perception that a contentious relationship exists between the journalists and public relations professionals. The principal point of contention emerges in the general assertions by journalists that public relations practitioners do not uphold the ethics and principles that define the work of journalists. Finally it also emerges that public relations is often referred to both as a practice and as a profession – an identity crisis which could be one of the factors driving the negative perceptions.
This book uses Habermas’s concept of the public sphere to explore the impact of alternative and citizen media, especially blogs, in Egypt. It examines the dynamic relationship between politics and media in Egypt to better understand the role of new media and blogs in this process. Interviews with bloggers, human rights activists, and journalists, as well as the case-study and textual analysis of one of Egypt’s and the Middle East’s most popular political blogs—Al-Wa’i al-Masry—show that blogging in Egypt has succeeded in breaking down political and social taboos in Egypt (often ignored by the traditional media) and has played an important role in the current debate about political reform in Egypt. However, despite these successes, one of the major conclusions of this book is that the very language used in blogs undermines the possibility of achieving the rational-critical discourse necessary to meet one of the most fundamental conditions of the Habermasian public sphere, and further that this language raises doubts about the civility and ethics of blogging in general.
This modern book ‘Talking Journalism, Media, & Mass Communication,’ is loaded with research essays by Journalism & Communication graduate students. It has 6 chapters on: internet, reality TV, radio talk-shows and public debates, broadcasting media and popular culture, public broadcasting & the public sphere. Programming, advertising, new media, and traditional broadcasting issues are discussed by groups of graduate students from a leading African University’s Journalism and Mass Communication designated centres of excellence as recommended by UNESCO. The chapters are academic essays with sub-titles on: title, authors, abstract, introduction, discussion, conclusion, & References. The book is good for PRs, field work, advocacy, CSOs, communicators, students, references, managers, & policy makers. The chapters are: Chapter 1: The Internet & The Traditional Broadcast Media; Chapter 2: The Reality TV & the Traditional Broadcasting; Chapter 3: Broadcasting, Pop Culture, Cultural Imperialism; Chapter 4: Talk Radio in Political Transition in Uganda; Chapter 5:A Review of the Broadcast Media & the Public Sphere; & Chapter 6:The Relevance of Traditional Broadcasting Terms today.
Online technologies excite the public imagination with narratives of democratization. The Internet is a political medium, borne of democracy, but is it democratizing? Late modern democracies are characterized by civic apathy, public skepticism, disillusionment with politics, and general disinterest in conventional political process. And yet, public interest in blogging, online news, net–based activism, collaborative news filtering, and online networking reveal an electorate that is not disinterested, but rather, fatigued with political conventions of the mainstream. This book examines how online digital media shape and are shaped by contemporary democracies, by addressing the following issues: How do online technologies remake how we function as citizens in contemporary democracies? What happens to our understanding of public and private as digitalized democracies converge technologies, spaces and practices? How do citizens of today understand and practice their civic responsibilities, and how do they compare to citizens of the past? How do discourses of globalization, commercialization and convergence inform audience/producer, citizen/consumer, personal/political, public/private roles individuals must take on? Are resulting political behaviors atomized or collective? Is there a public sphere anymore, and if not, what model of civic engagement expresses current tendencies and tensions best? Students and scholars of media studies, political science, and critical theory will find this to be a fresh engagement with some of the most important questions facing democracies today.
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere – An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere – An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society
Online technologies excite the public imagination with narratives of democratization. The Internet is a political medium, borne of democracy, but is it democratizing? Late modern democracies are characterized by civic apathy, public skepticism, disillusionment with politics, and general disinterest in conventional political process. And yet, public interest in blogging, online news, net-based activism, collaborative news filtering, and online networking reveal an electorate that is not disinterested, but rather, fatigued with political conventions of the mainstream. - This book examines how online digital media shape and are shaped by contemporary democracies, by addressing the following issues: - How do online technologies remake how we function as citizens in contemporary democracies? - What happens to our understanding of public and private as digitalized democracies converge technologies, spaces and practices? - How do citizens of today understand and practice their civic responsibilities, and how do they compare to citizens of the past? - How do discourses of globalization, commercialization and convergence inform audience/producer, citizen/consumer, personal/political, public/private roles individuals must take on? - Are resulting political behaviors atomized or collective? - Is there a public sphere anymore, and if not, what model of civic engagement expresses current tendencies and tensions best? - Students and scholars of media studies, political science, and critical theory will find this to be a fresh engagement with some of the most important questions facing democracies today.
The political dispute of power after the death of Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Jabber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah on 15 of January 2006, followed by the public demand to change the electoral constituencies voting system of the National Assembly, and the dissolving of the National Assembly in May 2006 forced many Kuwaitis to go online to get the latest news and analysis regarding the two issues. Kuwaiti online journalism became the source for instant updated information during the disputes. Three different tools (survey, online content analysis & interviews) were used to determine the effect of online journalism on journalist''s practices and the freedom of the press in Kuwait, focusing on the most popular Kuwaiti personal writers'' sites, weblogs & forums. The results show that online journalism affected journalist''s practices but did not replace the traditional practices. The language of online journalism took a different direction from the local press with more freedom to write, discuss, and share ideas online with less fear of government retribution. What was considered a taboo “red line” in the local press became an acceptable “green line” online.
The main argument of the thesis is that since the 1980s economic globalization has, among other phenomena, led to an incremental, continuous privatization of public assets and services not only at the national but also at the local level all over the world. This privatization process seems to follow a pattern, which has similarities everywhere, regardless of what is being privatized. As an outcome, the urban public sphere is disintegrating while it is being emptied of its public elements. The thesis has two outcomes. The first one describes a process by which elements of the local public sphere are gradually being relocated to the global private sphere, and how this governance process becomes an entrance for economic globalization to access the local level. The second one, a postscript, draws urbanistic and urban policy conclusions. Cities can be read as political a text. Not the appearance of public urban space, but the substance of the urban public sphere acts as a rearview mirror reflecting decisions which have led to its reformation. Changes in our urban landscape may be shaped more by global political and economic decisions than by the more visible local ones.
New Dimensions in Public Service Broadcasting was conceived to investigate the challenges increased commercialization of African airwaves, ditto Nigeria, hitherto monopolized by public service radios, may be posing to professionals working in these institutions, in terms of the contents and types of programmes they broadcast to the public. Spurred by this, I decided to devote my post-graduate research work at the School of Journalism and Media Studies, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, to studying programming at the Rivers State Broadcasting Corporation, known on air as Radio Rivers, a public service radio that is in competition with seven commercial radios, and how it is able to meet its public service mandate. Evidently, the good news out of my field interactions with professionals and survey of academic works in the sphere is this book that will serve as roadmap and companion to media professionals, policymakers, students, and teachers of journalism and media studies of how in this age of commercialization public service broadcasters still serve the public good.
Online journals known as blogs—short for weblogs—are hotter than ever. Blog Rules is a best-practices guide to establishing the blog-related policies and procedures businesses need. From protecting organisations from critical or defamatory remarks from outside bloggers, to managing employees’ blog use and ensuring an accurate representation through corporate blogs, Blog Rules is a much-needed, necessary guide for any organisation.
Journalism, the Public and the Government have been of great interest as a subject to me. Journalist being the catalyst and propeller of society, as a result of the news they feed the public with and the response of the government to the media has always been a subject that sparks my curiosity. As a result of this, various questions were asked and the more questions arose, the more curious I was about journalists. It also amazed me how the saying, “those who don’t practice what they teach, often preach”, came in handy in this case. Journalists have taught the society as a whole so many things. Giving up to date news, informing and telling the public about the way they should dress, what they should eat, how they should spend money wisely, how to live comfortable lives and so on. But the question still remains that, do they practice what they preach?
The ultimate objective of the present book is to highlight the problematic of gender in transitional justice in Morocco through an understanding of the specificities of women’s sufferings during the period of grave human rights violations, in an attempt to highlight the healing process that women go through when they narrate their exposure to violence. The book will basically shed light on women's testimonies as witnesses and subjects of human rights violations during the years of lead in Morocco. These women unveil their sufferings as prisoners, mothers, wives, and sisters of ex- political detainees. Through written narratives and public testimonies, women narrate how they have lived these painful experiences as a female gender; their testimonies are a kind of gendered historical account. Through their narratives, they epitomize a compensation for their dramatic past. They also exorcise the agonizing experience of human rights violations out of their memory.
The current dissertation has a main goal the analysis of the representations of the Colombian Conflict in the Colombian and International qualitative independent opinion articles, and their impact on the readers? conflict understanding. In Colombia there are independent journalists, but according to this research they are victims of the polarization and for this reason they are promoting the war, although it is not their intention. Nevertheless, it was proved that it is possible to redirect the Colombian journalism into journalism pro-peace with the help of the international qualitative media. For the present research were chosen three Colombian media, where independent journalists write: El Tiempo, El Espectador and Cromos; and from the international media were chosen: BBC News (Online version), The New York Times Group, The Washington Post and The Economist. In all the cases were selected opinion articles because they offer analysis and are very free of being critical. Additionally, it was performed an experiment in order to measure the impact of each kind of articles on the readers.