the news and public opinion
The News and Public Opinion
The News and Public Opinion
The voicing of public opinion in Egypt has been facing limitations in the traditional media, but now with the news media conditions have changed. At the same time, not everyone has access to this technology, and so the digital divide appears. The scope of this study is to interpret the conditions of public opinion in Egypt, specifically the students in public versus private universities in order to analyze the effect of technology-availability on public opinion. This research focuses on Egypt, as a developing country that has seen several changes in the past years in attempt to change its culture and become more democratized, although it does not have strong technological advancements.
The first in-depth, authoritative discussion of the role of the press in China and the way the Chinese government uses the media to shape public opinion China's 1.3 billion population may make the country the world's largest, but the vast majority of Chinese share remarkably similar views on these and a wide array of other issues, thanks to the unified message they get from tightly controlled state-run media. Official views are formed at the top in organizations like the Xinhua News Agency and China Central Television and allowed to trickle down to regional and local media, giving the appearance of many voices with a single message that is reinforced at every level. As a result, the Chinese are remarkably like-minded on a wide range of issues both domestic and foreign. Takes readers beyond China's economic miracle to show how the nation's massive state-run media complex not only influences public opinion but creates it Explores an array of issues, from Tibet and Taiwan to the environment and US trade relations, as seen through the lens of the Xinhua News Agency Tells the story of the official Xinhua News Agency along with its history and reporting over the years, as the foundation for telling the story
Group Experiment and Other Writings – The Frankfurt School on Public Opinion in Postwar Germany
The subject of enlargement is a key aspect in shaping the future of European Union. Debates on the absorption capacity of the Union and the implications of the accession of new members have become an everyday calculation for both member and candidate states. Besides the cost-benefit analysis taking place, the highly speculative nature of the process, seem to be prevailing in the accession negations of candidate countries, since this transitional period will be affecting the lives of many Europeans. In the case of Turkey’s candidacy, the speculations, debates and various accession scenarios seem even more vivid. Turkey’s many distinctive characteristics compared to those of current members make the relations between Turkey and EU quite demanding. On the road ahead, there lay many topics that need to be discussed and solved. The main aim of this work is to examine the prospect of the accession of Turkey to the EU and the actors influencing the public opinion on the subject matter such as political parties and NGOs, through a sample group of countries, namely Britain, France and Germany.
How presidents spark and sustain support for wars remains an enduring and significant problem. Korea was the first limited war the U.S. experienced in the contemporary period - the first recent war fought for something less than total victory. In Selling the Korean War , Steven Casey explores how President Truman and then Eisenhower tried to sell it to the American public. Based on a massive array of primary sources, Casey subtly explores the government's selling activities from all angles. He looks at the halting and sometimes chaotic efforts of Harry Truman and Dean Acheson, Dwight Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles. He examines the relationships that they and their subordinates developed with a host of other institutions, from Congress and the press to Hollywood and labor. And he assesses the complex and fraught interactions between the military and war correspondents in the battlefield theater itself. From high politics to bitter media spats, Casey guides the reader through the domestic debates of this messy, costly war. He highlights the actions and calculations of colorful figures, including Senators Robert Taft and JHoseph McCarthy, and General Douglas MacArthur. He details how the culture and work routines of Congress and the media influenced political tactics and daily news stories. And he explores how different phases of the war threw up different problems - from the initial disasters in the summer of 1950 to the giddy prospects of victory in October 1950, from the massive defeats in the wake of China's massive intervention to the lengthy period of stalemate fighting in 1952 and 1953.
This book analyses transatlantic public opinion on post-Cold War era military operations in Kosovo (1999), Afghanistan (2001), and Iraq (2003). It surges into the differences recorded in the transatlantic relations and the growing asymmetry between the publics of the two poles in assessing the military engagements, especially over the use of force in the post-Cold War period. Confronted with the need to examine broader correlations between trends in wars and trends in public opinion, this book generates the polygonal hypothesis that “military operations taken at a “high-risk level” with “high costs” inevitably downgrades the acceptable utility hence public support for the action, while use of force with the principal objective of “foreign policy restraint” encourages popular support”. The main implication of this book is as straightforward as it is important: ‘the persistence of traditional Cold War concerns and continuation of realist way of thinking rather than speaking of ideals and values shape public opinion on use of force in post-Cold War era’.
In 1896, a Swedish scientist, Svante Arrhenius, discovered the greenhouse gas effect, the main cause of how and why global warming has occurred and is still occurring. Even though he discovered this cause over 100 years ago, people today are still questioning the idea of global warming. There is a large amount of confusion over what global warming is, why it is occurring, if people are contributing to it, and whether or not it is serious. Newspapers, polls, and mass media have contributed to this confusion. With the countless amount of information, true and not true, out there, it is no wonder that people are confused. Many people believe that it is a partisan issue, and that Republicans believe that it is not happening and Democrats believe that it is happening. This is not the case. It is a bipartisan issue. People from all parties, all parts of the United States, and all parts of the world need to care. Media cannot affect options. People need to listen the facts and policy needs to be created in order for change to happen. It is not a question of if the earth is warming; it is a question of when we are going to make change.
If every individual did not know about the common knowledge of the society, they cannot act, re-act or think about an issue of the society. Media especially print media creates that awareness for the publics. Letters to the editor of the newspapers play his part in making public opinion and making of opinion rest on the fact that it enters on the field of common public perception at the very instant that an event or an issue are calling for opinion. This work aimed at investigating the “U.S attack on Afghanistan and Public response”. To achieve the aim of the work, the source of data which is used in this book is the editorial page i.e. letters to the editor of the two leading English newspapers of Pakistan from the month of October 2001. Both newspapers consist of 134 letters. Furthermore, letters divided into three different categories i.e. . “Anti – Attack”, “Pro – Attack” and “Neutral Response” category. The sample of the work is dailies “Dawn” and “The News International” of Islamabad/Rawalpindi edition. The work is not only about to analyze a public response but also covered the issue that how media presented the “U.S war in Afghanistan”.
The application of experimental methods to studies in International Political Economy represents an emerging and cutting edge approach to International Relations research. In this book, theoretical as well as experimental methodologies are utilized in the examination and subsequent validation of the hypothesis that cultural proximity influences public opinion about international trade partners. Culture’s influencing capabilities in areas of economic development, international and domestic policies has long been debated and yet continues to be an issue of contention. Notwithstanding, as it relates to public opinion and preference for trade partners, the findings substantiate the claim of a culture - opinion causal relationship and provide a valuable resource for studies into the opinion-policy nexus.
Shark populations are declining worldwide and in order to conserve these species public support will be required. It has previously been found that the attitudes and behaviors of the public are able to cause changes in environmental policy. Therefore, any variable within the public that results in both positive attitudes, and or, behaviors towards sharks would theoretically allow policies that support their conservation to be enacted. Previous studies have found that a person's knowledge about a species group can directly affect their attitudes. In this study it was discovered that knowledge could not only significantly predict a person's attitude but also their behavior towards the conservation of sharks. The higher a person's knowledge the more positive their attitudes, and the more likely they were to behave in a way that would support conservation of these species. However, this study also shows that in general, respondents had a low level of knowledge about sharks. Conclusively, increasing knowledge about sharks is of the utmost importance if legislation protecting this group is to be developed.
This book tries to measure the extent to which the attitude of the British towards the EU Constitution was influenced by the British printed media. This is done via studying the British press coverage of the issue from 2002 to 2005. The study relies on a corpus of articles from five British national newspapers: two tabloids (Sun & Daily Mirror), two upper market (Guardian & Daily Telegraph), and one middle market (Daily Mail). The study has opted for two theories of media and communication effects: Agenda Setting and Framing in order to methodologically handle the extracted articles. Through the Agenda Setting Theory, the potential transfer of issue salience and attributes from the press to the public is quantitatively and qualitatively studied. The potential correlation between issue salience/attributes and selected opinion polls is measured. Through the Framing Theory, the types of frames in the news stories are detected based on an extended version of Semetko & Valkenburg’s (2000) checklist of frame detection and the textual and rhetorical devices with which the frames have been encapsulated are deciphered. This book targets Media & Communication and public opinion researchers.
This book explores the impact of political communication in films on the public and how it shapes public opinion. It engages in the debate as to whether, political messages in films do influence public opinion. Since propaganda films made in the era of world leaders like Hitler and Stalin, political communication in films still exists and plays a significant role in influencing the masses. Today persuasion via Cinema benefits from sophisticated technological advances, so that political messages in most films are concealed within entertainment. Increasingly, films use thrilling plots mixed with political content in order to convey their messages to the public. This public is generally unaware of the extent to which they are being influenced, managed and conditioned by the media.
The ownership and funding of media organisations inevitably affects what news we receive everyday. But is public or private ownership better? Looking at how news is constructed in different contexts under public and commercial models, this book uses global comparative examples to give a topical insight into the world of broadcasting today.
Al-Jazeera emerged and provided a new and fresh coverage of news that was different than what Arab audiences were used to. Then in September 2000, the second Palestinian upraise, Intifadat Al Aqsa, was stirring the Arab world. The way Al-Jazeera covered the events and the pictures it broadcast caused a revolution in the Arab World, and it was accused of fuelling the rage and spreading it throughout the region. Based on the Frame theory, this study focuses on the impact of Al Jazeera's coverage on the Arab public opinion towards the political situation during the second Palestinian Intifada.